The CISSRS (Computer Integrated Surgery Student Research Society) has hosted several robotics competitions for high-school students in the past, which involve students learning about the field of tele-medicine through the use of LEGO element based constructions.
LEGO Mindstorms-based robots have to perform tasks which simulate real-life medical challenges, such as finding a "tumor" inside a "person" and inserting a needle into it. Teams have a limited amount of time in which to attempt to perform their mission, forcing good mechanical design. Often the Mindstorms kit sensors lack the level of precision required to perform the task alone, forcing students to use more complex and clever systems to perform tasks.
The CISSRS competition is run as a joint project between the Carnegie Mellon Robotics Club and Johns Hopkins University.